There is a phenomenal growth in the Cyber-crimes (as per Information Technology Act, 2000) in India. 'There were 4192 cyber-crimes in 2013 which were 2761 in 2012. If one considers such crimes as per Indian Penal Code also, the number of crimes was 5500. Police has arrested 3301 criminals in this regard. Under Information Technology Act, 2000, there were 681 and 635 crimes in Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh respectively. In these two states there is 50 per cent rise in cyber-crimes. As per National Crimes Records Bureau (NCRB), in 2013 there was 122 percent increase in cyber-crimes in India. Such crimes in other states were: Karnatak (513), Kerala (349), Madhya Pradesh (282) and Rajasthan (239). In the state of Gujarat, such crimes were 68in 2012 and 61 in 2013'1 . This updated research paper is the partial outcome of a MinorResearch Project undertaken by the author as the Principal Investigator under the aegis of the University Grants Commission.
HOW DIGITAL INDIA IS TACKLING CYBERCRIME? [PP 25-35] [ISSUE-2]
Cybercrime has extended its prowess throughout the world since its inception. India did not face the severity of its attack previously like its western counterpart as technology was still in its developing stage to transform the nation to digitally connected economy. Since 2014 onward India also advanced its footstep for more tech savvy nation where the financial transactions, records and government data are now stored on digital platform. India is moving towards the concept of e-governance and thereby opening the gateway to new form of enemies in the silhouette of cybercrime. According to IAMAI report by 2017 India is having more than 300 million internet user.  The penetration rate of Internet was 34.8% in 2016.  This shows that a huge number of people and huge amount of information are vulnerable in this cyber space. But the question arise are we still vulnerable when so many anti-virus company thrives in thismarket. Technology has upgraded and government data is also protected under strict surveillancebut still we face the crisis like Wanna Cry. This article focuses on how India is capable enough to tackle cyber-crime in its newly transformed digitally connected economy.
Cybercrimes and Matrimonial fraud [PP 36-40] [ISSUE-2]
In India, online matrimonial websites play a significant role being trusted by millions of Indians globally. At the same time, these act as the playground for the fraudsters and hoodwinked duping thousands of victims by posting false and fraudulent profiles by the change of time being. All these problems are mainly due to the fact many parents arrange for marriages for their wards secretly without being let known to their brothers and sisters. Close relatives are informed after betrothal fixed and then they used to invite into the function. At this stage, there is nothing left to
take any initiative. This study will provide the data on matrimonial fraud frequently commits in the domain of cybercrime issue. It will also have an outlook in its legal recourse.
Identity theft prevention: A serious challenge to high-tech world cyber security [PP 41-45] [ISSUE-2]
In today’s modern world life is become pointless without connecting to the information superhighway. Communication in the form of electronic process is under threat to loss ofpersonal identity. This type of identity theft affects financially as well as mentally. To prevent such type of
threat proper education as well as awareness in this field is necessary. A global venture is today's demand to resist from cyber identity theft.
Gender (In) equity-Myth & Reality: A Commentary [PP 46-49] [ISSUE-2]
According to Simone de Beauvoir (1953), 'women are not born but made'. The men's and
women's behaviour is ingrained, reflecting innate and essential differences between the sexes. Sex signifies ‘the anatomical and physiological characteristics as masculinity and feminity, which are defined by social, cultural and psychological attributes in a particular societyat a particular time' (de Beauvoir, 1953). The ‘gender system' underpins the patriarch, 'a system of male dominance,
legitimized within family and society through superior rights, privileges, authority and power' (de Beauvoir, 1953).
Cyber diplomacy and cybercrime-An unholy nexus in world politics [PP 50-61] [ISSUE-2]
Diplomacy in International relations is resolution of problems by government and non-
government agencies to strike a balance between sovereign states engaged in power politics. Diplomatic decisions are normally taken behind closed doors but the stupendous growths of communication technology have transformed the entire gamut of the activity, making it widely open and public. Technological revolution has widened the horizon of opportunities and possibilities for Governments to engage in constructive interaction with public resulting in intrusion of elements unconventional and evolving as a subject of international diplomacy. A popular outcome of the evolution is cyber diplomacy, a new component in the realm of foreign
policy. However Cyber diplomacy should not be understood as just using modern means of communication; instead it should be comprehended as a crucial part of public diplomatic strategy.
WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM AND RELATED PROBLEMS A CASE STUDY DARJILING TOWN [PP 1-11] [ISSUE-1]
Water is an essential element of nature on the earth for all living organisms. During last century, man has exploited this resource very fast through various activities resulting water scarcity areas of the world. And in the hills, where there is no alternate source like tubewell, dugwells as available on the plains. The study area Darjiling Town depends on the water supply from Senchal Lake which is fed by natural springs. Out of 30 springs 24 springs are continued to exist. Thus people of Darjiling are facing acute water crisis. Rich people are now spending to collect water while poors are queuing in a serpentine line or walking a long distance to collect a jerrycan full of water. Hoteliers are paying 600 to 1000 bucks for 2000 litres water. Therefore, the study attempts to identify the problems faced by the people. The reasons behind the grave situation are clearly identified. Various cartographic techniques and statistical application is used to analyse the data. The study also suggests different steps to mitigate the problem. No proper rainwater harvest plan has been taken yet. The implementation of water supply projects and the roof top rainwater harvesting will be needed as viable and cost effective method.